All districts with a Hindu population greater than 2%, according to the 1998 census. Pakistan… Kindly visit the Manage my subscription page to discover the benefits of this programme.  and about 7.5% in the Sindh province. This happened for a variety of reasons even as these religions have continued to flourish beyond the eastern frontiers of Pakistan. 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But in other parts of Kyber Pakhtunkhwa like Buner, Swat and Aurakzai Agencies, Hindu and Sikh families, have been targeted by Taliban for failing to pay Jizya (religious tax) and due to this more than 150 Sikhs and Hindu families in Pakistan's have moved to Hasan Abdal and Rawalpindi in Punjab in 2009, In central Punjab, Hindus are a small minority. "We have come here to celebrate this festival with colourful rangolis. Hindus in Pakistan are primarily concentrated in Sindh, where the majority of Hindu enclaves are found in Pakistan. To cancel, communicate from your registered email id and send the mail with the request to, Access Exclusive content - articles, features & opinion pieces, Weekly Industry/Genre specific newsletters - Choose multiple industries/genres, Access to 17 plus years of content archives, Set Stock price alerts for your portfolio and watch list and get them delivered to your e-mail box, End of day news alerts on 5 companies (via email). The Hindus who attend the Sri Param Hansji Maharaj Samadhi were still in the process of rebuilding the site after the first attack, in 1997, after the Supreme Court finally issued a rebuilding order in 2015. Hindu migrants from Pakistan line up outside the Foreigners’ Registration Office in Jodhpur, India, Aug. 26, 2019. Hindus leaving in Pakistan are first and foremost pakistanis and then they should think themselves as hindus.  The bill paves the way for regulations on registration of marriages and divorce for Hindus and fixes the minimum marrying age for males and females at 18 years-old. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content.  In 1947, Hindus constituted 12.9% of Pakistan, which made Pakistan (including present day Bangladesh) the second-largest Hindu-population country after India.  In May 2014, a member of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Dr Ramesh Kumar Vankwani, revealed in the National Assembly of Pakistan that around 5,000 Hindus are migrating from Pakistan to India every year. In 1956, the government of Pakistan declared 32 castes and tribes, the majority of them Hindus, to be scheduled castes, including Kohlis, Meghawars, and Bheels. This act against the Hindu minority community has been widely condemned by human rights activists based in Pakistan and other parts of the world.  In March 2017, the Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain signed the Hindu Marriage Bill and thereby making it a law. The Hindu temple was vandalised and set ablaze by a mob in Karak in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa.  Conversions are also carried out by Baba Deen Mohammad Shaikh mission which converted 108,000 people to Islam since 1989. Besides officers, the Pakistan Army also has Hindu soldiers.  According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan data, around 1,000 Hindu families fled to India in 2013. For the upholders of the Ideology of Pakistan, the existence of Pakistan is defined only in relation to Hindus, and hence the Hindus have to be painted as negatively as possible". This page is about the Hindus of Pakistan. They often complain of … , According to the Sustainable Development Policy Institute report, "Associated with the insistence on the Ideology of Pakistan has been an essential component of hate against India and the Hindus. Government officials stated that the separate electorates system is a form of affirmative action designed to ensure minority representation, and that efforts are underway to achieve a consensus among religious minorities on this issue, but critics argued that under this system Muslim candidates no longer had any incentive to pay attention to the minorities. , Each year, 1000 Pakistani girls of minority religions, hindus in particular, are forcibly converted to Islam. KARACHI, Pakistan . And in 2001, Hindus, Christians, and Ahmadis successfully conducted a partial boycott of the elections, culminating in the abolishment of the separate electorate system in 2002.  The 1998 census of Pakistan recorded 2,443,614 Hindus, which (includes 332,343 scheduled caste Hindus), which constitutes to 1.85 percentage of the total population of Pakistan. Track the industry of your choice with a daily newsletter specific to that industry. All of these are in Sindh except the Rahim Yar Khan District in Punjab. Pakistan in 2017 conducted its first census since 1998. It has a large following among the Scheduled Caste Hindus in Urban areas of Pakistan. The separate electorate system had marginalized non-Muslims by depriving them of adequate representation in the assemblies.  After 1971, Bangladesh separated from Pakistan and the population of Hindus and other Non-Muslims declined in Pakistan as Bangladesh population was no longer part of the census conducted in Pakistan. Hindu homes and temples were also attacked in Quetta. The report said, Hinduism has become fastest-growing religion in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, while more than one million Hindus are expected to move to […] Copyrights © 2021 Business Standard Private Ltd. All rights reserved. Local officials have blamed the incident on Muslim clerics. We, however, have a request. On December 30, a mob led by clerics vandalised a temple in southern Karak district of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. They have never forced Hindus to convert. , As per the data from the Election Commission of Pakistan, as of 2018 there were a total of 1.77 million Hindu voters. The MMA leads the opposition in the national assembly, held a majority in the NWFP Provincial Assembly, and was part of the ruling coalition in Balochistan. This diversity, especially in rural Sindh, often thwarts classical definitions between Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam. The Raam Kunde Complex of Temples at Saidpur village in Islamabad is now a picnic site. The discrimination is higher in Southern Punjab (86.5%) compared to the rest of the country. Hindus comprise approximately 1.92% of Pakistan's population. The Drigh Road and Korangi also have a small Tamil Hindu population For example, between Uthal and Bela jurisdiction in Lasbela District, there are 18 temples for 5,000 Hindus living in the area, which is an indicator of religious freedom. The mob also desecrated Hindu scriptures. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. The majority of Pakistan's Hindu population is settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions and language with Muslim residents. Nanakpanthi are Hindus who revere Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism along with Hindu gods. Members of Pakistan’s Hindu Council hold placards during a protest against an attack on a Hindu temple by a mob in the Karak district in Karachi, Pakistan, on Thursday. , Separate electorates for Hindus and Christians were established in 1985—a policy originally proposed by Islamist leader Abul A'la Maududi. , The Communal violence of the 1940s and the subsequent persecutions have resulted in the destruction of many Hindu temples in Pakistan, although the Hindu community and the Government of Pakistan have preserved and protected many prominent ones. The Maripata Mariamman Temple, which has been demolished, was the biggest Tamil Hindu temple in Karachi. The Pakistan Hindu Panchayat, Pakistan Hindu Council and the Pakistani Hindu Welfare Association are the primary civic organizations that represent and organise Hindu communities on social, economic, religious and political issues in most of the country, with the exception of the Shiv Temple Society of Hazara, which especially represents community interests in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in addition to being the special guardians of the Shiva temple, at Chitti Gatti village, near Mansehra. A policeman inspecting a damaged Hindu temple in a remote village in north-west Pakistan yesterday, after it was attacked and set ablaze on Wednesday. According to Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the country’s population in 2017 was 207 million, growth of 146% from 1981. Karachi: A Hindu temple was vandalised by a group of people in Pakistan's Karachi after blasphemy allegations were made against a boy from the Hindu community.. , In 1980s Zia ul-Haq introduced a system under which non-Muslims could vote for only candidates of their own religion. Local officials have blamed the incident on Muslim clerics. However, according to … Exclusive content, features, opinions and comment – hand-picked by our editors, just for you. While Pakistan has not yet revealed the religious composition of its ... Key stories on business-standard.com are available to premium subscribers only. , In February 2016, the Provincial Assembly of Sindh approved the Sindh Hindu Marriage Bill for millions of Hindus living in the Sindh Province.  The annual Hinglaj Yatra is the largest Hindu pilgrimage in Pakistan. The study found that majority (91.5% ) of the respondents in Rahimyar Khan, Bahawalpur, Tharparkar and Umerkot districts believed that political parties are not giving importance to them. As a premium subscriber you get an across device unfettered access to a range of services which include: Welcome to the premium services of Business Standard brought to you courtesy FIS. , However, many have criticised the Clause 12(iii) of the Hindu Marriage Bill which says that "a marriage will be annulled if any of the spouses converts to another religion". However, according to … In general, religious conversion was a gradual process, some converted to Islam to gain tax relief, land grant, marriage partners, social and economic advancement, or freedom from slavery and some by force. Hindu voters were 49% of the total in Umerkot and 46% in Tharparkar. Pakistan Rebuild demolished Hindu temple in Karak within 2 weeks, orders Pakistan Supreme Court. A violent religious mob has set fire to a Hindu temple in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region and attempted to tear it to the ground. , In January 2020, a Hindu temple in Chachro, Tharparkar district in Sindh was vandalised by miscreants, who desecrated the idols and set fire to holy scriptures.  Until 1999, when former military chief Pervez Musharaf overthrew Nawaz Sharif's government, non-Muslims had dual voting rights in the general elections that allowed them to not only vote for Muslim candidates on general seats, but also for their own non-Muslim candidates. Most Valmiki Hindus converted to either Christianity or Islam after the partition. Prejudice against Hindus is ingrained. However, the bill failed to make it into law as the Governor returned the bill. , There was a Ministry of Minority Affairs in the Government of Pakistan which looked after specific issues concerning Pakistani religious minorities. , The 135,000 acres of temple land is now controlled by the Evacuee Trust Property Board.  The Indian government is planning to issue Aadhaar cards and PAN cards to Pakistani Hindu refugees, and simplifying the process by which they can acquire Indian citizenship. , In December 2020, a Hindu temple in Teri village of Karak district was attacked and vandalised. Hindus constitute Pakistan’s largest non-Muslim minority, estimated at between two and four per cent of the population.  However, in Khuzdar District and Kalat District, Hindus face discrimination. Religious institutions and persons like Abdul Haq (Mitthu Mian) politician and caretaker of Bharachundi Sharif Dargah in Ghotki district and Pir Ayub Jan Sirhindi, the caretaker of Dargah pir sarhandi in Umerkot District support forced conversions and are known to have support and protection of ruling political parties of Sindh. Hindus and other minorities achieved a rare political victory in 2002 with the removal of separate electorates for Muslims and non-Muslims. Topics Digital Editor. After restoration, the temples will be reopened to Hindus in Pakistan. Pakistan’s Hindu community also staged protests in the aftermath of the demolishment of the temple which was over 100 years old. Intermarriages between the Hindus and Sikhs are very common there. The incident in the town of Karak drew condemnation from human rights activists and Pakistan's minister for human rights, Shireen Mazari. Unlimited access to all content on any device through browser or app. As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. The religious beliefs and folklore of the Indus valley people have become a major part of the Hindu faith that evolved in this part of the South Asia. A Hindu temple in Pakistan destroyed by a Muslim mob last week will be rebuilt using provincial government funds, its information minister said … , The Constitution's Article 51(2A) provides 10 reserved seats for non-Muslims in the National Assembly, 23 reserved seats for non-Muslims in the four provincial assemblies under Article 106 and four seats for non-Muslims in the Senate of Pakistan. The incident took place on Sunday in Sheetal Das compound, housing 300 Hindu and 30 Muslim families. Business Standard is happy to inform you of the launch of "Business Standard Premium Services". One of the most important places of worship for Hindus in Pakistan is the shrine of Shri Hinglaj Mata temple in Balochistan.  According to the 1998 Pakistan Census, Hindus made up 1.85% of Pakistan's population, although the Pakistan Hindu Council claims there are around 8 million Hindus currently living in Pakistan, comprising 4% of the Pakistani population. Note: Subscription will be auto renewed, you may cancel any time in the future without any questions asked. The Bill was effectively blocked by the Islamist groups and parties like the Council of Islamic Ideology and Jamaat-e-Islami. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. , A 2005 report by the National Commission for Justice and Peace, a non-profit organization, found that Pakistan Studies textbooks in Pakistan have been used to articulate the hatred that Pakistani policy-makers have attempted to inculcate towards the Hindus. , Many Hindus are induced to convert to Islam for easily getting Watan Cards and National Identification Cards. , At the time of Pakistan's creation the 'two nation theory' had been espoused.  Among these 11 temples are in Sindh, four in Punjab, three in Balochistan and two in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. In other districts the population of Hindus is less than 1%. However, according to the community, over 90 lakh Hindus … , In 2006, Ratna Bhagwandas Chawla became the first Hindu woman elected to the Senate of Pakistan. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. , In 2018, Pakistan general election Mahesh Kumar Malani became the first Hindu candidate who won a general seat in Pakistan National Assembly 2018. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. , In 1975, Islamiat or Islamic studies was made compulsory, resulting that a large number of minority students being forced to study Islamic Studies. , The Sindh kingdom and its rulers play an important role in the Indian epic story of the Mahabharata. Several incidents of violence against the minority community in Sindh have often been reported. Dr Ramesh Kumar Vankwani is a high-profile leader of the Hindus of Pakistan and is a member of the National Assembly on a seat reserved for the minorities. The city of Peshawar today is home to four Hindu tribes– the Balmiks, the Rajputs, the Heer Ratan Raths and the Bhai Joga Singh Gurdwara community.  And a new ministry Ministry for National Harmony was formed for the protection of the rights of the minorities in Pakistan.  Between 2011 and 2012, twenty three Hindus were kidnapped for ransom and 13 Hindus were killed as a part of targeted killings of non-Muslims In January 2014, a policeman standing guard outside a Hindu temple at Peshawar was gunned down. Increasing violence against the Hindu minority in Pakistan has many weighing a move to India, but there are also very real reasons to … In 1999, Pakistan abolished this system. The Christian and Ahmadi missionaries offer impoverished Hindus schools, health clinics etc. A mob led by members of Pakistan's radical Islamist party demolished a Hindu temple Wednesday after setting it on fire in a deeply conservative northwestern town, a senior police official said. As of 2010, Pakistan had the fifth largest Hindu population in the world and PEW predicts that by 2050 Pakistan will have the fourth largest Hindu population in the world. In 2017, Lance Naik Chand Rabari, a Sindh-based Hindu, died on active duty while serving on Mangla front near Pakistan … According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. He won the seat from Tharparkar-II and thus became the first non-Muslim to win a general seat (non-reserved) in Pakistan national assembly. Enjoy Reading! Since 1981 until the latest census, the Hindu population in Pakistan had grown 93 per cent. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan.  However, before partition, according to the 1941 census, Hindus constituted 14% of the population in West Pakistan and 28% of the population in East Pakistan. In addition, a Hindu legend states that the Pakistani city of Lahore was first founded by Lava, while Kasur was founded by his twin Kusha, both of whom were the sons of Lord Rama of the Ramayana. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. A century-old sacred Hindu shrine in Pakistan was destroyed by a Muslim mob in December - the second ransacking and desecration of the holy site. Despite the victory, however, Hindus still remain largely disenfranchised. The product is a monthly auto renewal product. industry. In other districts the population of Hindus is less than 1%. The Holy Shiv Temple in Kohat has been converted into a government primary school.  Although there is reservation of seats for women in Pakistan National Assembly, not a single seat was allotted for non-Muslim women till 2018. Pakistan government has granted permission for the construction of a Hindu temple in Islamabad, nearly six months after the work at the site was …  As of 2010, Pakistan has the fifth-largest Hindu population in the world and by 2050 may rise to the fourth-largest Hindu population in the world, reaching 5.6 million and constituting 2% of the Pakistani population. 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