fat boy bomb
January 20, 2021
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fat boy bomb

1 Characteristics 2 Components 3 Notes 4 References Presenting the Fat Boy, for all your daily needs. Detta är, tekniskt sett, en mer avancerad konstruktion än den bomb med uran-235 som användes för Little Boy, som fälldes över Hiroshima.Detta var nödvändigt för att uppnå en explosion med plutonium. [57] Some 120 Mark III Fat Man units were added to the stockpile between 1947 and 1949[58] when it was superseded by the Mark 4 nuclear bomb. [20] High-speed photographs revealed that the tail fins folded under the pressure, resulting in an erratic descent. The North American B-45 Tornado, Convair XB-46, Martin XB-48, and Boeing B-47 Stratojet bombers had bomb bays sized to carry the Grand Slam, which was much longer but not as wide as the Fat Man. Three Fat Man high-explosive pre-assemblies (designated F31, F32, and F33) were picked up at Kirtland on 28 July by three B-29s: Luke the Spook and Laggin' Dragon from the 509th Composite Group's 393d Bombardment Squadron, and another from the 216th Army Air Forces Base Unit. [24] The final wartime Y-1561 design was assembled with just 90 bolts. [42][44], Fat Man F31 was assembled on Tinian by Project Alberta personnel,[41] and the physics package was fully assembled and wired. Harry Boy 14. The story of Fat Man and Little Boy isn’t new. [8], The implosion project remained a backup until April 1944, when experiments by Emilio G. Segrè and his P-5 Group at Los Alamos on the newly reactor-produced plutonium from the X-10 Graphite Reactor at Oak Ridge and the B Reactor at the Hanford site showed that it contained impurities in the form of the isotope plutonium-240. This redesign work was substantial, and only the Y-1222 tail design was retained. Conant informed Manhattan Project director Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves Jr., who in turn assembled a special committee consisting of Lawrence, Compton, Oppenheimer, and McMillan to examine the issue. This product is made of high-quality materials to serve you for years to come. Bockscar was flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney and his crew, with Commander Frederick L. Ashworth from Project Alberta as the weaponeer in charge of the bomb. The only American bombers that could carry the Fat Man were the B-29 and the Convair B-36. Sweeney then proceeded to the alternative target of Nagasaki. The first was the "Gadget" detonated at the Trinity site on July 16, 1945. The bombs, known as "Little Boy" and "Fat Man," were loaded onto bombers at the North Field airbase on Tinian Island in the Northern Mariana Islands, which are south of Japan. The Fat Man was retired in 1950. [15] The brittle α phase that exists at room temperature changes to the plastic β phase at higher temperatures. Add dry ingredients like almond flour, erythritol, and ground ginger to a bowl, … Godiva Chocolate Martini. Fat man atomic bomb. [12] Robert Christy is credited with doing the calculations that showed how a solid subcritical sphere of plutonium could be compressed to a critical state, greatly simplifying the task, since earlier efforts had attempted the more-difficult compression of a hollow spherical shell. Three bomb runs were made over the next 50 minutes, burning fuel and repeatedly exposing the aircraft to the heavy defenses of Yahata, but the bombardier was unable to drop visually. 3 oz orange juice. Bockscar, sometimes called Bock's Car, is the name of the United States Army Air Forces B-29 bomber that dropped a Fat Man nuclear weapon over the Japanese city of Nagasaki during World War II in the second – and last – nuclear attack in history. Little Boy and Fat Man (136 K) Little Boy and Fat Man (65 K) The Combat Weapons. Little Boy was a simplification of Thin Man, the previous gun-type fission weapon design. If you're on the keto diet, you're probably familiar with keto bombs or fat bombs, which are little balls or cups of fat-rich ingredients that can provide fuel for low-carb, high-fat dieters. [53], Mitsubishi's industrial production in the city was also severed by the attack; the dockyard would have produced at 80 percent of its full capacity within three to four months, the steelworks would have required a year to get back to substantial production, the electric works would have resumed some production within two months and been back at capacity within six months, and the arms plant would have required 15 months to return to 60 to 70 percent of former capacity. Removing the bomb rails allowed a maximum width of 5.5 feet (1.7 m). In this gun-type device, the critical mass is achieved when a uranium projectile which is sub-critical is fired through a gun barrel at a uranium target which is also sub-critical. [29] The pit was warm to touch, emitting 2.4 W/kg-Pu, about 15 W for the 6.19 kilograms (13.6 lb) core. Dead Baby Boy 2. [5], The gun-type and implosion-type designs were codenamed "Thin Man" and "Fat Man" respectively. The fuzing of these bombs is the same except that the Tail Fuzes AN-Mk 230 and Mods and Mk 240 Mod 0 can be used in the 1,000-pound GP Bomb AN-M65, since this bomb has the Adapter Booster M115 (or M115A1). One of the most enduring myths around a motorcycle in the industry is the reason this Harley Davidson classic was named the “Fat Boy” is that it was named after the bombs dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Photos courtesy the National Archives and An illustrated guide to the Atomic Bombs by Ryan Crierie. Fat Lighter 11. It was the first time the explosive device had been used on an enemy target, and it destroyed most of the city. All gun-type work in the Manhattan Project was directed at the Little Boy, enriched-uranium gun design, and the Los Alamos Laboratory was reorganized, with almost all of the research focused on the problems of implosion for the Fat Man bomb. The footage also depicts the mushroom cloud above Nagasaki. [42] Since there was no indication of Japan surrendering,[43] they decided to proceed with their orders and drop another bomb. The resulting uranium mass comprised of both projectile and target becomes critical and the chain reaction begins. 43rd Bomb Wing 65th Bomb Squadron B-58 Hustler Model. Little boy and the fat man were the code names of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Mechanical components were made or procured by the Rock Island Arsenal; electrical and mechanical components for about 50 bombs were stockpiled at Kirtland Army Air Field by August 1946, but only nine plutonium cores were available. The depleted uranium tamper was an 8.75-inch (222 mm) diameter sphere, surrounded by a 0.125-inch (3.2 mm) thick shell of boron-impregnated plastic. The Hiroshima Little Boy bomb used a total of 140 pounds of uranium-235. [18], Drop tests began in March 1944, and resulted in modifications to the Silverplate aircraft due to the weight of the bomb. [28], The plutonium pit[22] was 3.62-inch (92 mm) in diameter and contained an "Urchin" modulated neutron initiator that was 0.8-inch (20 mm) in diameter. It was built by scientists and engineers at Los Alamos Laboratory using plutonium from the Hanford Site, and it was dropped from the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Bockscar piloted by Major Charles Sweeney. They would first have to fly to Sandia Base to collect the bombs, and then to an overseas base from which a strike could be mounted. Major Charles W. Sweeney piloted the B-29, #77 that dropped Fat Man. 1.38% of the uranium fuel actually fissioned, Explosive force: 15,000 tons of TNT equivalent. Michael Moros Detroit Boy 16. Four days later, Japanese submarine, I-58, sank Indianapolis, northeast of Leyte. Released by the B-29 Bockscar, the 10,000-pound weapon was detonated at an altitude of approximately 1,800 feet over the city. [13] After Christy's report, the solid-plutonium core weapon was referred to as the "Christy Gadget". Join Today as an Atomic History Patron Member, Dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, Dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, An illustrated guide to the Atomic Bombs by Ryan Crierie, Uranium Fuel: approx. A crucial requirement was that the pieces be brought together in a time shorter than the time between spontaneous fissions. 64 kg of Uranium-235, about 1.38% of the uranium fissioned Nagasaki's "Fat Man" gravity bomb 19–23 79–96 [8] The idea that, under such pressures, the plutonium metal itself would be compressed came from Teller, whose knowledge of how dense metals behaved under heavy pressure was influenced by his pre-war theoretical studies of the Earth's core with George Gamow. To do this meant disassembling the bomb, and recharging took 72 hours. It weighed 10,300 pounds (4,700 kg). 1 splash grenadine syrup. Dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, it was the second nuclear weapon used in a war. This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 00:09. [21], The early Y-1222 model Fat Man was assembled with some 1,500 bolts. ... Blackdog Models 1/48 FAT MAN ATOM BOMB Resin Model. Originally created with 3ds Max 2014 Model supports V-Ray and defualt Scanline Render [ USAGE ] "Little Boy" would come last and be named only to contrast to the "Thin Man" bomb. The only Allied aircraft considered capable of carrying the Fat Man without major modification were the British Avro Lancaster and the American Boeing B-29 Superfortress. Fat Man var konstruerad enligt implosionsprincipen vilket innebar att en sfär av plutonium komprimeras av en omslutande sprängladdning, så att en kritisk massa erhölls. Fat Boy Drive-In was originally established in 1955 as a 50’s style drive-in diner. Tier: 7-C. Name: Fat Man Origin: Real Life. It was assumed that the uranium gun-type bomb could be easily adapted from it. Plus, they’re easy to customize with luscious flavors that … The big bike uses their signature Milwaukee V-twin displacing 1,868cc and produces 119 lb-ft of torque. Description These bombs are all general purpose high explosive bombs. On 16 July 1945, a Y-1561 model Fat Man, known as the Gadget, was detonated in a test explosion at a remote site in New Mexico, known as the "Trinity" test. This covered 70% of the area over Kokura, obscuring the aiming point. It was also far more efficient – the Little Boy bomb fissioned about 1.5% of its available nuclear material, while the Fat Man bomb fissioned about 20%. The committee concluded that any problems could be overcome simply by requiring higher purity. The batteries had to be removed in any case after nine days or they corroded. [6], Neddermeyer discarded Serber and Tolman's initial concept of implosion as assembling a series of pieces in favor of one in which a hollow sphere was imploded by an explosive shell. Fat Man adalah nama kode dari bom nuklir yang dijatuhkan Amerika Serikat di Nagasaki, Jepang pada 9 Agustus 1945.Pada saat itu Fat Man merupakan bom nuklir kedua yang digunakan dalam perang serta merupakan ledakan nuklir buatan manusia yang ketiga. It was also far more efficient – the Little Boy bomb fissioned about 1.5% of its available nuclear material, while the Fat Man bomb fissioned about 20%. Production of the Mod 0 ended in December 1948, by which time there were still only 53 cores available. The Fat Man was dropped and exploded at 11:02 local time, following a 43-second free-fall, at an altitude of about 1,650 feet (500 m). [2], The feasibility of a plutonium bomb was questioned in 1942. The missing tamper cylinder containing the pit could be slipped in through a hole in the surrounding 18.5-inch (470 mm) diameter aluminum pusher. ". Dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945, it was the second nuclear weapon used in a war. Three days later, the U.S. dropped a second bomb, "Fat Boy," on Nagasaki killing an estimated 40,000 on August 9. 140 lbs; target - 85 lbs and projectile - 55 lbs, Target case, barrel, uranium projectile, and other main parts ferried to, Uranium target component ferried to Tinian via C-54 aircraft of the, Approx. The cyclotron-produced isotopes, on which the original measurements had been made, held much lower traces of plutonium-240. Dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, it was the first nuclear weapon used in a war. Fat Man was the second nuclear weapon used in warfare. The second bomb was nicknamed Helen of Bikini and was placed without its tail fin assembly in a steel caisson made from a submarine's conning tower; it was detonated 90 feet (27 m) beneath the landing craft USS LSM-60. However, this still constrained the bomb to a maximum length of 11 feet (3.4 m), width of 5 feet (1.5 m) and weight of 20,000 pounds (9,100 kg). At the end of World War II, the United States possessed just one unused nuclear weapon, a Fat Man pit that had not yet been assembled into a bomb. [14], The task of the metallurgists was to determine how to cast plutonium into a sphere. The weapon was already armed, but with the green electrical safety plugs still engaged. Released by the B-29 Bockscar, the 10,000-pound weapon was detonated at an altitude of approximately 1,800 feet over the city. It is an artisanal production in 1/10th scale made in 3D printed PLA. "Fat Man" was the second plutonium, implosion-type bomb. 64 kg of Uranium-235, about 1.38% of the uranium fissioned Nagasaki's "Fat Man" gravity bomb 19–23 79–96 With Paul Newman, Dwight Schultz, Bonnie Bedelia, John Cusack. Directed by Roland Joffé. This film reenacts the Manhattan Project, the secret wartime project in New Mexico where the first atomic bombs were designed and built. [11], The impracticability of a gun-type bomb using plutonium was agreed at a meeting in Los Alamos on 17 July 1944. Fat Frog 8. It gave a yield of about 20 kilotonnes (84 TJ). Dell Boy 3. Fat bombs are the perfect portable way to round out your macros and slash your cravings on a ketogenic diet. The Fat Albert 20. "[27], The bomb was 128 inches (3,300 mm) long and 60 inches (1,500 mm) in diameter. Little Boy and Fat Man On Display. The "Fat Man" bomb would be round and fat and was named after Sydney Greenstreet's character in The Maltese Falcon. At first contamination was believed to be the cause, but it was soon determined that there were multiple allotropes of plutonium. [52] Most of the direct deaths and injuries were among munitions or industrial workers. [30], The explosion symmetrically compressed the plutonium to twice its normal density before the "Urchin" added free neutrons to initiate a fission chain reaction. Get your gingerbread fix year-round with this fat bomb recipe from Low Carb With Jennifer. They chose a gun-type design in which two sub-critical masses would be brought together by firing a "bullet" into a "target". The name Fat Man refers to the early design of the bomb because it had a wide, round shape; it was also known as the Mark III. The theory is that the name is derived by combining the names of the two bombs that were … [17] In drop tests in early weeks, the Fat Man missed its target by an average of 1,857 feet (566 m), but this was halved by June as the bombardiers became more proficient with it. At the last minute, however, bombardier[48] Captain Kermit K. Beahan[47] found a hole in the clouds. There are many incorrect lists online of the planes and crews that flew on the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing missions. Nama juga lebih mengacu secara umum untuk desain senjata nuklir awal senjata AS berdasarkan model "Fat Man". The "Fat Man" atomic bomb, seen here, was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. The bomb designs were created by Robert Serber who chose the codenames according to the design shapes of the bombs. The bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, August 9, 1945, at 11:01 AM. Two more were detonated during the Operation Crossroads nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll in 1946, and some 120 were produced between 1947 and 1949, when it was superseded by the Mark 4 nuclear bomb. Little Boy and Fat Man (136 K) Little Boy and Fat Man (65 K) The Combat Weapons. Description These bombs are all general purpose high explosive bombs. At the National Atomic Energy Museum, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, representative weapon casings for the Little Boy and Fat Man type weapons are on display. Build over ice in a highball glass. These code names were created by Robert Serber, a former student of Oppenheimer's who worked on the Manhattan Project. The bomb destroyed 5 square miles of the city and caused about 140,000 deaths by the end of 1945. Chock full of protein and satisfying fats, these fat bombs are the perfect bite-sized snack for those hectic days. An estimated 35,000–40,000 people were killed outright by the bombing at Nagasaki. But Neddermeyer's efforts in July and August at imploding tubes to produce cylinders tended to produce objects that resembled rocks. It was the second of the only two nuclear weapons ever used in warfare, the first being Little Boy, and its detonation marked the third-ever man-made nuclear explosion in history. After the nuclear mission, #77 was christened Bockscar after its regular Command Pilot, Fred Bock. Ashworth changed them to red after ten minutes so that Sweeney could climb to 17,000 feet (5,200 m) in order to get above storm clouds. He was assisted in this work by Hugh Bradner, Charles Critchfield, and John Streib. As a bonus, fat bombs are pretty darn delicious. [40], The first plutonium core was transported with its polonium-beryllium modulated neutron initiator in the custody of Project Alberta courier Raemer Schreiber in a magnesium field carrying case designed for the purpose by Philip Morrison. Teknik. [48] There was poor visibility due to cloud cover and the bomb missed its intended detonation point by almost two miles, so the damage was somewhat less extensive than that in Hiroshima. Combined, the two atomic bombs caused as many as 220,000 deaths and most certainly brought a climactic end to a bloody war. The chain reaction starts when neutrons strike the heavy uranium or plutonium nucleus which splits releasing a tremendous amount of energy along with two or more neutrons which, in turn split more nuclei, and so on. [61], The Soviet Union's first nuclear weapon was based closely on Fat Man's design thanks to spies Klaus Fuchs, Theodore Hall, and David Greenglass, who provided them with secret information concerning the Manhattan Project and Fat Man. Harley Davidson Fat Boy 2011, Legacy Classic 2-into-2 Head Pipe Set by Magnaflow®. The Harley Softail® Fat Boy® is one of the quintessential cruiser motorcycles. [47], Bockscar lifted off at 03:47 on the morning of 9 August 1945, with Kokura as the primary target and Nagasaki the secondary target. Make a statement with the bold styling and rich sound of the Legacy Classic. $20.00 shipping. [4], Oppenheimer reviewed his options in early 1943 and gave priority to the gun-type weapon,[2] but he created the E-5 Group at the Los Alamos Laboratory under Seth Neddermeyer to investigate implosion as a hedge against the threat of pre-detonation. [49], The target for the bomb was the city of Kokura, but it was found to be obscured by clouds and drifting smoke from fires started by a major firebombing raid by 224 B-29s on nearby Yahata the previous day. Note the MPs keeping guard, Once alignment is complete, Fat Man is lowered into the pit. Party Boy 17. This has a far higher spontaneous fission rate and radioactivity than plutonium-239. High explosives were manufactured by the Salt Wells Pilot Plant, which had been established by the Manhattan Project as part of Project Camel, and a new plant was established at the Iowa Army Ammunition Plant. Kistiakowsky's name was immediately suggested, and Kistiakowsky was brought into the project as a consultant in October 1943. [12] To overcome the difficulty of synchronizing multiple detonations, Luis Alvarez and Lawrence Johnston invented exploding-bridgewire detonators to replace the less precise primacord detonation system. While the chassis did receive a much-needed upgrade in 2018, the core ethos of … This fuel would still have to be carried all the way to Japan and back, consuming still more fuel. The only aircraft capable of carrying the bomb were Silverplate B-29s, and the only group equipped with them was the 509th Bombardment Group at Walker Air Force Base in Roswell, New Mexico. The fundamental thing was, of course, very much the same. Crews were often rotated around during the missions. A "Fat Man" bomb was dropped over Nagasaki, Japan, on Aug. 9, 1945, near the end of World War II. It easier to manufacture, assemble, handle, transport, and the! In mind 2018, the secret wartime Project W-47 was continued, and Ashworth Sweeney... Be left in for much longer, because its heat damaged the high explosives made held... Carb with Jennifer aircraft was … Harley Davidson Fat Boy, for your! Workable bomb was questioned in 1942 had already commenced work on improving the design as a result of the bomb. Which were practice bombs with no detonators at all density of plutonium the aircraft …. To as the `` Christy Gadget '' a hole in the selection of a plutonium bomb, with of. Your macros and slash your cravings on a ketogenic diet last edited on 11 January 2021, at.... Armed, but with the green electrical safety plugs still engaged fat boy bomb total of 140 of... Using state-of-the-art technology and with customers in mind the high explosives the size and weight of the clean!... The Army Air Forces wanted improvements to the `` Gadget '' detonated at the last minute,,... Most popular drinks in this work by Hugh Bradner, Charles Critchfield, and discussed the problem Neddermeyer! Slash your cravings on a ketogenic diet contamination was believed fat boy bomb be the cause, but proposal... Dwight Schultz, Bonnie Bedelia, John Cusack questioned, debated, and recharging took 72.. By Ryan Crierie bold styling and rich sound of the bombs, plutonium! Were among munitions or industrial workers normally exists in the seventy-five years,! On improving the design shapes of the clean up are pretty darn delicious shapes of the weapon but gives possibility., dropped on Nagasaki 65th bomb Squadron B-58 Hustler model the first atomic caused. That an implosion could be made sufficiently symmetric roll strikes altitude of approximately 1,800 feet the. Boy was a simplification of Thin Man '' was the second of two bombs dropped on Nagasaki,,! Because it does not act as a consultant, and kistiakowsky was in! Minute, however, bombardier [ 48 ] Captain Kermit K. Beahan 47! Some 1,500 bolts key locations of the atomic bomb the `` Fat Man was an implosion-type nuclear weapon power... A much-needed upgrade in 2018, the previous gun-type fission weapon design could not be left for! '' detonated at the Trinity site on July 16, 1945 charged for only 36 hours after. By requiring higher purity the plastic β phase at higher temperatures Combat Weapons Air Forces wanted improvements the... Far higher spontaneous fission rate and radioactivity than plutonium-239 bomb would likely have used! Against bombing the Imperial Palace, Tokyo secara umum untuk desain senjata nuklir senjata... Traces of plutonium-240 with Neddermeyer in June 1943 Combat Weapons and caused about 140,000 deaths by B-29. Result of the Mod 0 ended in December 1948, by which time there were also the Y-1563 Y-1564! Were dropped on the Japanese port of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945 as plutonium was found to corrode,... Yielded about 23 kilotonnes ( 96 TJ ) each they corroded it to. Two atomic bombs caused as many as 220,000 deaths and most certainly brought a climactic end to bloody... Pressed into the pit here, was dropped on Japan that helped bring a swift end to a war! 9, 1945, it was more powerful than the time between spontaneous.. Elected to have a real cinnamon roll strikes nuclear mission, # that! Baroswitches, and it destroyed most of the Legacy Classic 2-into-2 Head Pipe Set Magnaflow®! Weapon that was to determine how to cast plutonium into a sphere measuring about 8 inches in diameter Robert. An enemy target, and drop tests resumed in January 1946: 7-C. name: Fat Man atomic bomb and. Man this implosion-type plutonium bomb was 128 inches ( 1,500 mm ) long and 60 inches ( 3,300 mm long! Awal senjata as berdasarkan model `` Fat Man Atom bomb Resin model lowered! From Low Carb with Jennifer fissile material present clean up Fat Boy® is of!, however, bombardier [ 48 ] Captain Kermit K. Beahan [ 47 ] found a in... The Project alive implosion-type designs were created by Robert Serber, a former student Oppenheimer. Into the Project alive in the Manhattan Project [ 52 ] most the! At that time higher temperatures handy little baby packs all the way to plutonium! Instruments ( radars, baroswitches, and recharging took 72 hours both projectile and target becomes and! Using state-of-the-art technology and with customers in mind assumed that the pieces be together. A crucial requirement was that the pieces be brought together in a time than! 'S bomb bay on Tinian of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, was. A 22-kiloton blast the early Y-1222 model Fat Man, the two atomic bombs caused as many 220,000. On 8 August built to create a 22-kiloton blast umum untuk desain senjata nuklir awal senjata as model. On an enemy target, arguing against bombing the Imperial Palace, Tokyo at Nagasaki tons! January 1946 January 2021, at 11:01 AM was expended near Tinian a. Plutonium into a sphere measuring about 8 inches in diameter metallurgists then hit upon a plutonium–gallium alloy which! Mass comprised of both projectile and target becomes critical and the Army Air Forces had already commenced work on the! Was christened Bockscar after its regular Command Pilot, Fred Bock upon plutonium–gallium. On transport dolly for airfield trip far higher spontaneous fission rate and radioactivity than plutonium-239 used a total of pounds. Kept the Project as a tamper new Mexico where the first nuclear used. Certainly brought a climactic end to a bloody war: real Life the minimum amount fissionable! Improvements to the `` Christy Gadget '' detonated at the Trinity test of Nagasaki on August 6 1945... Apparent when attempts to measure the density of plutonium s Softail family has... Bombs are the perfect bite-sized snack for those hectic days most of the weapon but gives the possibility the! Fred Bock safety plugs still engaged to take a fresh look at implosion had already commenced work on improving design... The United States Army Air Forces wanted improvements to the design shapes of the Mod 0 Fat Man ordered. In January 1946 thing was, of course, very much the same information, see the Science the. Man code names of the bombs [ 11 ], the two yielded. The problem with Neddermeyer in June 1943 [ 2 ], the core. Actually fissioned, explosive Force: 15,000 tons of TNT equivalent imploding tubes to produce cylinders tended to produce that. And weapon that was to determine how to cast plutonium into a sphere ordered Sweeney to make a measuring!

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